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Lactose

Lactose in Tradeasia

IUPAC Name

β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1→4)-D-glucose

Cas Number

63-42-3

HS Code

17021110

Formula

C12H22O11

Basic Info

Appearance

Colorless crystals or white granular powder

Common Names

-

Packaging

Brief Overview

Lactose is a type of sugar which is normally found in milk. Lactose is composed of simple sugar galactose and bonded with another glucose.  This substance is used in food as sweetener and stabilizer. In addition, it can also be used as filler in the food and easily mixed with numerous ingredients. The physical appearance of this substance is a dry, pale-yellow powder which has a slightly sweet taste and smells similar to milk. Furthermore, lactose powder has a long shelf life, highly affordable, and widely available.

Manufacturing Process

The manufacturing process consists of several steps. The ingredient, which is bovine milk whey, is evaporated to reduce the water content and crystalized to create small suspension particles. The mixture was then washed with water and centrifuged to separate the solid with mother liquor. The solid was then underwent several process to finally yield the refined lactose for food industry grade.

Food Industry  

Lactose is used a lot in the food industry. It is used as filling for bakery and confectionary products such as bread, cookies, cereals, and pancakes. Lactose can prevent discoloration in frozen and canned products such  as soups, dehydrated potatoes, and meal replacement supplements. It is also one of the ingredients for infant formula. 

Feed Industry  

Lactose is one of the main ingredients for pig feed. 

Pharmaceutical Industry  

In the pharmaceutical industry, lactose is used as a drug coating agent, filler in tablets, and powdered dosage form in inhalers. Lactose is also used as sports nutrition and dietary supplements. 

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