Xylose is a 5-carbon sugar molecule which is produced from the coconut shell and wood. Xylose is commonly called as wood sugar which is obtained from the Xylan-rich portion of hemicelluloses, present in plant cell walls and fibre .Xylose is considered as reducing sugar and its structure depends on condition. Xylose was first obtained from the embryos of edible plants in 1930.
Xylose is commercially isolated by Koch from the wood materials. Xylose derivatives can be obtained from the reduction of Xylose by the catalytic hydrogenation process that produces anti cariogenic sugar substitute Xylitol.
In the food industry, Xylose is used for high purity products and it is as color and flavor enhancement, flavor enhancer, flavor masking and sucrose inhibitor. Xylose gives same sweet and flavor profile as glucose of 63%, can improve the flavor of normal sweet foods and inhibit odor. Xylose sugar is a healthy sugar, which inhibits the absorption of sugar in the body. Xylose has the same function for as dietary fibers. Its molecule has good compatibility with the food it can show good health care function and the same time can raise the absorption of Calcium molecule in the food.
Xylose is used for the production of 100% efficiency in hydrogen. It is also used as a solvent and precursor in the synthetic polymer production in the chemical industry.